Mumps and Vaccinations

Mumps and Vaccinations

Am I (my student) at risk?

Mumps is no longer common because of the effectiveness of the Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) vaccine.  The vast majority of our students and other campus members have already received the vaccine to prevent mumps when they were children.

Our medical staff have been working closely with the Onondaga County Health Department to monitor the situation.  We have also already contacted those individuals who may have come into close contact with the affected individual.

What should I do when there is a mumps case?

  • Make sure you are up to date on your MMR vaccine. Call Health Services if you need a vaccination at 315.443.9005.
  • If you think you may have the mumps, call Health Services at 315.443.9005 immediately.
  • Practice these helpful preventative tips: Wash your hands with soap and warm water; cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or your arm when you sneeze or cough; and avoid close contact with anyone who is sick.

How does mumps spread?

Mumps spreads from person to person via droplets of saliva or mucus from the mouth, nose, or throat of an infected person, usually when the person coughs, sneezes, or talks. Mumps is contagious for 2 days prior and 5 days after the salivary glands have swelled. Mumps is less contagious than measles or chickenpox.

Again, remember to wash your hands often with warm water and soap, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or your arm when you cough or sneeze, and avoid close contact with anyone who is sick.

What are the symptoms of mumps?

The most common symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, loss of appetite, and parotitis, the swelling of the salivary glands or parotid glands below the ears.  Parotitis occurs in 31% to 65% of individuals infected with mumps. From 15% to 27% of people with mumps have no signs or symptoms of illness; others may have respiratory symptoms or only nonspecific symptoms such as headache, loss of appetite, and low-grade fever.

How long does it take to show signs of mumps after being exposed?

This can range from 12–25 days after exposure.

Is there a treatment for the mumps?

There is no treatment for mumps.  Supportive treatment, such as bed rest, fluids and over-the-counter medication that reduces fever or discomfort, can help manage the symptoms.

What are the vaccination requirements?

Proof of two measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccinations are required.  If you believe you have only had one vaccine, you can receive a second MMR vaccine at no cost by calling Health Services at 315.443.9005 for an appointment.

Can I (my student) be tested for mumps?

There is no need to be tested for mumps unless you are symptomatic.

Visit the CDC's website for more information on summer health tipsmumps and immunizations.